If running is new to you, it is very likely that you could soon be lost in translation when you are with more seasoned runners who are mentioning running terms that sound extremely alien to you. However, don’t despair, we have compiled a list of important running terms for beginners and their meanings so that you can now empower yourself and you don’t have to worry about some runners sounding like they are talking in Swahili…
Running Terms and Their Meanings
During low to moderate intensity exercises, like running, your body utilises oxygen for your energy demands.
This is the maximum amount of physical work that you can do as measured by oxygen consumption.
During higher intensity exercises, like high-intensity interval training, your body generates energy while not using oxygen.
A runner who participates in a race without registering.
This is the point during a race or training when the lactic acid intensifies to a point where your stride becomes significantly altered.
Illegal method of enhancing the blood’s ability to supply oxygen to the muscles in order to gain a competitive edge.
Condition where a runner‘s energy levels deplete due to a decline in glycogen levels in the liver and muscles. To avoid this, you should be eating energy boosting foods.
Jogging and stretching after a workout or a competition so that you loosen your muscles to try and minimise lactic acid in the body.
Training in another sport or discipline that will help with running. Including strength and conditioning programs, like CrossFit are good idea.
This is when a runner exhibits a breathing pattern of breathing out once for every two breaths that is taken in.
This acronym stands for “did not finish”.
This is a training method that makes use of both continuous and interval training, working both the aerobic and anaerobic systems.
This is an improper running technique where the runner lands with their heel-first with each stride – it can cause injuries and cramping, for example.
This is when someone starts off a race with a lot of speed.
This refers to running at an easy pace and done in order to achieve a mileage quota for a quantified period of time.
Refers to “long slow distances”.
These shoes promote proper running form (forefoot strike), sit low to the ground, do not have excessive cushioning, and are flexible. There are numerous benefits of minimalist shoes.
This is when a runner runs a lot faster in the second half of a race than he did during the first half.
A running injury that refers to inflammation of tissue that is between the muscles in the mid-foot and the outer skin on the bottom of the foot.
Refers to a running form that entails the inward rotation of the foot.
Times achieved between marked points during a race or training.
A cramp that you get while running , normally appears on the right side, and is sometimes associated with incorrect water consumption during training or a race. Read our article on running and hydration for great tips.
The distance that is covered in a single step.
Running with sufficient inward motion of the foot.
This is your heart-rate when you first wake up and before you get out of bed.
This is the measure of how efficiently a person uses oxygen while running at a certain pace.
Refers to tendons getting inflamed as a result of injury during training or a race.
How many of these running terms did you know? Are there any other running terms that you know?